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dc.contributor.authorMarindra, Adi Mahmud Jaya-
dc.descriptionPh. D. Thesisen_US
dc.description.abstractDefects in metallic structures such as crack and corrosion are major sources of catastrophic failures, and thus monitoring them is a crucial issue. As periodic inspection using the nondestructive testing and evaluation (NDT&E) techniques is slow, costly, limited in range, and cumbersome, novel methods for in-situ structural health monitoring (SHM) are required. Chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) is an emerging and attractive technology to implement the internet of things (IoT) based SHM. Chipless RFID sensors are not only wireless, passive, and low-cost as the chipped RFID counterpart, but also printable, durable, and allow for multi-parameter sensing. This thesis proposes the design and development of chipless RFID sensor systems for SHM, particularly for defect detection and characterization in metallic structures. Through simulation studies and experimental validations, novel metal-mountable chipless RFID sensors are demonstrated with different reader configurations and methods for feature extraction, selection, and fusion. The first contribution of this thesis is the design of a chipless RFID sensor for crack detection and characterization based on the circular microstrip patch antenna (CMPA). The sensor provides a 4-bit ID and a capability of indicating crack width and orientation simultaneously using the resonance frequency shift. The second contribution is a chipless RFID sensor designed based on the frequency selective surface (FSS) and feature fusion for corrosion characterization. The FSS-based sensor generates multiple resonance frequency features that can reveal corrosion progression, while feature fusion is applied to enhance the sensitivity and reliability of the sensor. The third contribution deals with robust detection and characterization of crack and corrosion in a realistic environment using a portable reader. A multi-resonance chipless RFID sensor is proposed along with the implementation of a portable reader using an ultra-wideband (UWB) radar module. Feature extraction and selection using principal component analysis (PCA) is employed for multi-parameter evaluation. Overall, chipless RFID sensors are small, low-profile, and can be used to quantify and characterize surface crack and corrosion undercoating. Furthermore, the multi-resonance characteristics of chipless RFID sensors are useful for integrating ID encoding and sensing functionalities, enhancing the sensor performance, as well as for performing multi-parameter analysis of defects. The demonstrated system using a portable reader shows the capability of defects characterization from a 15-cm distance. Hence, chipless RFID sensor systems have great potential to be an alternative sensing method for in-situ SHM.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipIndonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP)en_US
dc.publisherNewcastle Universityen_US
dc.titleChipless RFID sensor systems for structural health monitoringen_US
Appears in Collections:School of Engineering

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