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Title: Performance analysis of doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)- based wind turbine with sensored and sensorless vector control
Authors: Kareem, Amer Obaid
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Conventional energy sources are limited and pollute the environment. Therefore more attention has been paid to utilizing renewable energy resources. Wind energy is the fastest growing and most promising renewable energy source due to its economically viability. Wind turbine generator systems (WTGSs) are being widely manufactured and their number is rising dramatically day by day. There are different generator technologies adopted in wind turbine generator systems, but the most promising type of wind turbine for the future market is investigated in the present study, namely the doubly-fed induction generator wind turbine (DFIG). This has distinct advantages, such as cost effectiveness, efficiency, less acoustic noise, and reliability and in addition this machine can operate either in grid-connected or standalone mode. This investigation considers the analysis, modeling, control, rotor position estimation and impact of grid disturbances in DFIG systems in order to optimally extract power from wind and to accurately predict performance. In this study, the dynamic performance evaluation of the DFIG system is depicted the power quantities (active and reactive power) are succeed to track its command signals. This means that the decouple controllers able to regulating the impact of coupling effect in the tracking of command signals that verify the robust of the PI rotor active power even in disturbance condition. One of the main objectives of this study is to investigate the comparative estimation analysis of DFIG-based wind turbines with two types of PI vector control using PWM. The first is indirect sensor vector control and the other type includes two schemes using model reference adaptive system (MRAS) estimators to validate the ability to detect rotor position when the generator is connected to the grid. The results for the DFIG-based on reactive power MRAS (QRMRAS) are compared with those of the rotor current-based MRAS (RCMRAS) and the former scheme proved to be better and less sensitive to parameter deviations, its required few mathematical computations and was more accurate. During the set of tests using MATLAB®/SMULINK® in adjusting the error between the reference and adaptive models, the estimated rotor position can be obtained with the objective of achieving accurate rotor position information, which is usually measured by rotary encoders or resolvers. The use of these encoders will conventionally lead to increased cost, size, weight, and wiring ii complexity and reduced the mechanical robustness and reliability of the overall DFIG drive systems. However the use of rotor position estimation represents a backup function in sensor vector control systems when sensor failure occurs. The behavioral response of the DFIG-based wind turbine system to grid disturbances is analyzed and simulated with the proposed control strategies and protection scheme in order to maintain the connection to the network during grid faults. Moreover, the use of the null active and reactive reference set scheme control strategy, which modifies the vector control in the rotor side converter (RSC) contributes to limiting the over-current in the rotor windings and over-voltage in the DC bus during voltage dips, which can improve the Low Voltage Ride-through (LVRT) ability of the DFIG-based wind turbine system.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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