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Title: Distributed static series compensator in 11kV networks
Authors: Pashaei, Afshin
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Series compensation techniques can be very effective when applied in an electrical network to increase the power transfer capacity of existing power lines. Distributed Static Series Compensation (DSSC) is a power electronics based series compensation scheme in which a DSSC device comprises of a single-phase H-bridge voltage source converter, a dc link capacitor and a low pass filter suspended from the power line via a single turn transformer. The application of DSSC in the 11kV distribution network is investigated in this thesis. This is followed by a study of existing control strategies employed in DSSC and Static Synchronies Series Compensation (SSSC) schemes. Most of these controllers are based on dq transformation methods in which balanced conditions are assumed and zero sequence currents are assumed to be negligible. While this might be a reasonable assumption at transmission level voltages, but it can be argued that in the presence of unbalanced loads and currents (a common feature of lower voltage distribution networks) these strategies can be inaccurate, leading to the wrong amount of compensation being injected. In addition some of the studied controllers are based on the 90° phase shift of line current. Practically, the injection angle must be slightly different in order to compensate the internal losses of the DSSC. The need for the diversion from the 90° can change over the time and this can threaten the stability of the system. A new single-phase control strategy based on the instantaneous power exchange between the DSSC devices and each of the three phase conductors is proposed in this thesis to address this issue. The new control method does not employ a dq transformation and is immune from the probable errors resulting from the presence of unbalanced network conditions. In the same time the injection angle is not fixed and it is adjusted by the controller. The operation of DSSC can be categorized in two modes and transfer function of system is obtained based on these two modes. The transfer function is used in the design of controller. This is followed by analyzing immunity of the designed controller against change of system parameters. The proposed scheme is simulated (using PSCAD software) to examine the operation of the new control method and the resulting impact on the 11kV distribution feeder, including the ability to divert power from one line to another and the ability to improve network voltage profiles. Performance of DSSC using the proposed controller is compared with performance of DSSC when the traditional controllers are employed.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering

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