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Title: FPGA design and implementation of a framework for optogenetic retinal prosthesis
Authors: Al-Yaman, Musa Salah Musa
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: There are 285 million people worldwide with a visual impairment, 39 million of whom are completely blind and 246 million partially blind, known as low vision patients. In the UK and other developed countries of the west, retinal dystrophy diseases represent the primary cause of blindness, especially Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy and Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP). There are various treatments and aids that can help these visual disorders, such as low vision aids, gene therapy and retinal prosthesis. Retinal prostheses consist of four main stages: the input stage (Image Acquisition), the high level processing stage (Image preparation and retinal encoding), low level processing stage (Stimulation controller) and the output stage (Image displaying on the opto-electronic micro-LEDs array). Up to now, a limited number of full hardware implementations have been available for retinal prosthesis. In this work, a photonic stimulation controller was designed and implemented. The main rule of this controller is to enhance framework results in terms of power and time. It involves, first, an even power distributor, which was used to evenly distribute the power through image sub-frames, to avoid a large surge of power, especially with large arrays. Therefore, the overall framework power results are improved. Second, a pulse encoder was used to select different modes of operation for the opto-electronic micro-LEDs array, and as a result of this the overall time for the framework was improved. The implementation is completed using reconfigurable hardware devices, i.e. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), to achieve high performance at an economical price. Moreover, this FPGA-based framework for an optogenetic retinal prosthesis aims to control the opto-electronic micro-LED array in an efficient way, and to interface and link between the opto-electronic micro-LED array hardware architecture and the previously developed high level retinal prosthesis image processing algorithms.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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