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dc.contributor.authorHasselaar, Thijs Willem Frederik-
dc.descriptionPhD Thesisen_US
dc.description.abstractThe complete ban on TBT in marine antifouling coatings in 2008, rocketing fuel prices over the past six years, environmental concern and upcoming energy efficiency indices for ships have resulted in a strong interest of the shipping industry to monitor, evaluate and optimise ship performance. Furthermore, the complete ban on TBT in anti-fouling coatings resulted in new types of foul-release hull-coatings, based con silicon, whose effectiveness and performance still needs to be evaluated. Because of the difficulty of measuring coating roughness in service and the large effect of marine bio-fouling on ship performance, a research project was setup at Newcastle University in collaboration with a major paint company to investigate the ways to evaluate hull coating through ship performance monitoring. This thesis describes the details of this project which aimed to investigate the feasibility of a real-time ship performance monitoring and analysis (PM&A) system by implementation and evaluation onboard a 16m research vessel and 300.000dwt VLCC. The thesis starts with a review of the state of art of PM&A systems. The main weaknesses of existing PM&A systems is that often abstract logbook data is used as input and that too little attention is paid to data quality. Furthermore, the systems often act as a black box, showing little insight in data analysis, harming the reliability and trustworthiness of output indicators. Additionally, there are large differences in the way that performance data is corrected to standard conditions, resulting in contradicting and unreliable performance indicators. The thesis focuses therefore on theoretically sound, transparent data analysis and improved data collection. In the thesis, all performance affecting environmental and operational conditions have been reviewed including sensor characteristics and data acquisition aspects. Based on the experience from the analysis of the data collected from both vessels, it reveals that automatic, real-time data collection and rational filtering for periods of acceleration, deceleration, course deviation, drift, shallow water and ship motion is the way forward for accurate performance monitoring. Performance analysis is highly sensitive to errors in shaft torque and ship speed through water. A frequently calibrated/validated shaft torque & RPM sensor and Doppler speed log are therefore the most important sensors for performance monitoring. Speed logs are T.W.F. Hasselaar PhD thesis, 2010 ii affected by many environmental conditions and cannot be used directly for performance monitoring. Other ways to determine ship speed through water, e.g. using the propeller inflow speed, are however affected by hull fouling and loading deviations unless corrected for accordingly. Corrections using full scale trials are then necessary to avoid overestimation of the effects of hull fouling on ship performance. To avoid these errors, a method is described to use the speed log by evaluating its reliability and utilise its reading for performance analysis only in periods where it can be considered reliable. A new transparent analysis method is described to analyse ship performance based on conversion of torque and rpm at constant ship speed. The method differentiates between the hull and propeller performance by empirically correcting the propeller open water diagram for roughness (periodically measured by divers). Evaluation of the proposed PM&A system on both vessels indicates that reliable performance indicatgors can be calculated but that fluctuations in performance indicators of ±12% remain unavoidable due to inaccurate wave observations and errors from the speed log. Trials on the research vessel furthermore show that the system is able to identify fouling, but sensor accuracy requires further research so that fouling can be defined with less performance data and higher reliability. This thesis demonstrates for the first time in open literature that the design and implementation of a transparent and fully automatic, real-time, shipboard PM&A system is perfectly viable and can be installed on any ship with the use of reliable sensors.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipInternational Painten_US
dc.publisherNewcastle Universityen_US
dc.titleAn investigation into the development of an advanced ship performance monitoring and analysis systemen_US
Appears in Collections:School of Marine Science and Technology

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