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Title: An enhanced multicarrier modulation system for mobile communications
Authors: Al-Attraqchi, Mohammed Hani Omar
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: The recent revolution in mobile communications and the increased demand on more efficient transmission systems influence the research to enhance and invent new modulation techniques. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with offset quadrature amplitude modulation (OFDM/OQAM) is one of the multicarrier modulations techniques that overcomes some of the weaknesses of the conventional OFDM in term of bandwidth and power efficiencies. This thesis presents a novel multicarrier modulation scheme with improved performance in mobile communications context. Initially, the theoretical principles behind OFDM and OFDM/OQAM are discussed and the advantages of OFDM/OQAM over OFDM are highlighted. The time-frequency localization of pulse shapes is examined over different types of pulses. The effect of the localization and the pulse choice on OFDM/OQAM performance is demonstrated. The first contribution is introducing a new variant of multicarrier modulation system based on the integration of the Walsh-Hadamard transform with the OFDM/OQAM modulator. The full analytical transmission model of the system is derived over flat fading and frequency selective channels. Next, because of the critical requirement of low implementation complexity in mobile systems, a new fast algorithm transform is developed to reduce the implementation complexity of the system. The introduced fast algorithm has demonstrated a remarkable 60 percent decrease in the hardware requirement compared to the cascaded configuration. Although, the problem of high peak to average power ratio (PAPR) is one of the main drawbacks that associated with most multicarrier modulation techniques, the new system achieved lower values compared to the conventional systems. Subsequently, three new algorithms to reduce PAPR named Walsh overlapped selective mapping (WOSLM) for a high PAPR reduction, simplified selective mapping (SSLM) for a very low implementation complexity and Walsh partial transmit sequence (WPTS), are developed. Finally, in order to assess the reliability of the presented system in this thesis at imperfect environments, the performance of the system is investigated in the presence of high power amplifier, channel estimation errors, and carrier frequency offset (CFO). Two channel estimations algorithms named enhanced pair of pilots (EPOP) and averaged enhanced pair of pilots (AEPOP), and one CFO estimator technique called frequency domain (FD) CFO estimator, are suggested to provide reliable performance.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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