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Title: Biometric face recognition using multilinear projection and artificial intelligence
Authors: Al-Shiha, Abeer A. Mohamad
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Numerous problems of automatic facial recognition in the linear and multilinear subspace learning have been addressed; nevertheless, many difficulties remain. This work focuses on two key problems for automatic facial recognition and feature extraction: object representation and high dimensionality. To address these problems, a bidirectional two-dimensional neighborhood preserving projection (B2DNPP) approach for human facial recognition has been developed. Compared with 2DNPP, the proposed method operates on 2-D facial images and performs reductions on the directions of both rows and columns of images. Furthermore, it has the ability to reveal variations between these directions. To further improve the performance of the B2DNPP method, a new B2DNPP based on the curvelet decomposition of human facial images is introduced. The curvelet multi- resolution tool enhances the edges representation and other singularities along curves, and thus improves directional features. In this method, an extreme learning machine (ELM) classifier is used which significantly improves classification rate. The proposed C-B2DNPP method decreases error rate from 5.9% to 3.5%, from 3.7% to 2.0% and from 19.7% to 14.2% using ORL, AR, and FERET databases compared with 2DNPP. Therefore, it achieves decreases in error rate more than 40%, 45%, and 27% respectively with the ORL, AR, and FERET databases. Facial images have particular natural structures in the form of two-, three-, or even higher-order tensors. Therefore, a novel method of supervised and unsupervised multilinear neighborhood preserving projection (MNPP) is proposed for face recognition. This allows the natural representation of multidimensional images 2-D, 3-D or higher-order tensors and extracts useful information directly from tensotial data rather than from matrices or vectors. As opposed to a B2DNPP which derives only two subspaces, in the MNPP method multiple interrelated subspaces are obtained over different tensor directions, so that the subspaces are learned iteratively by unfolding the tensor along the different directions. The performance of the MNPP has performed in terms of the two modes of facial recognition biometrics systems of identification and verification. The proposed supervised MNPP method achieved decrease over 50.8%, 75.6%, and 44.6% in error rate using ORL, AR, and FERET databases respectively, compared with 2DNPP. Therefore, the results demonstrate that the MNPP approach obtains the best overall performance in various learning scenarios.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering

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