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Title: Design of a Robotic Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation System
Authors: Yi, Xiang
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is an excellent and non-invasive technique for studying the human brain. Accurate placement of the magnetic coil is required by this technique in order to induce a specific cortical activity. Currently, the coil is manually held in most of stimulation procedures, which does not achieve the precise clinical evaluation of the procedure. This thesis proposes a robotic TMS system to resolve these problems as a robot has excellent locating and holding capabilities. The proposed system can track in real-time the subject’s head position and simultaneously maintain a constant contact force between the coil and the subject’s head so that it does not need to be restrained and thus ensure the accuracy of the stimulation result. Requirements for the robotic TMS system are proposed initially base on analysis of a serial of TMS experiments on real subjects. Both hardware and software design are addressed according to these requirements in this thesis. An optical tracking system is used in the system for guiding and tracking the motion of the robot and inadvertent small movements of the subject’s head. Two methods of coordinate system registration are developed base on DH and Tsai-lenz’s method, and it is found that DH method has an improved accuracy (RMS error is 0.55mm). In addition, the contact force is controlled using a Force/Torque sensor; and a combined position and force tracking controller is applied in the system. This combined controller incorporates the position tracking and conventional gain scheduling force control algorithms to monitor both position and force in real-time. These algorithms are verified through a series of experiments. And it is found that the maximum position and force error are 3mm and 5N respectively when the subject moves at a speed of 20mm/s. Although the performance still needs to be improved to achieve a better system, the robotic system has shown the significant advantage compared with the manual TMS system. Keywords—Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Robot arm, Medical system, Calibration, Tracking
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Mechanical and Systems Engineering

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