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|Title: ||A historiographical and historical study of Polybius' survey of the early treaties between Rome and Carthage III.21.8-26|
|Authors: ||Lee, Rhoda Margaret|
|Issue Date: ||1993 |
|Publisher: ||Newcastle University|
|Abstract: ||The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the significance of
Polybius' digression on the early treaties between Rome and Carthage
in Book 111.21.8 - 26 from both a historiographical and historical
point of view. These early treaties, inscribed on bronze, form a
series which allows us an unique opportunity to observe the
development of diplomatic relations between Rome and Carthage and the
growth in the power and influence of the two states from c. 509 B. C.
to 279 B. C.
The first part of the thesis analyses the context of Polybius'
digression on the early treaties and examines the text, style and
format of the treaties. The historical tradition concerning the
treaties and Polybius' historiographical technique in the use of
documentary material are also examined. The wider implications of the
evidence which supports Polybius' dating of the First Treaty to c.
509 B. C. and that he is dealing with genuine treaty documents, leads
to a study of documentary practice at Rome, which examines the
literary and epigraphic evidence for the Roman use of bronze for
documents, the topographical location of public documents at Rome and
the ideology associated with the display, use and access to these
documents. The last part of the thesis examines the historical
implications of the early treaties, analysing the positions of
Carthage and Rome, using historical sources and archaeological
evidence and ends with a discussion of the relevance of the treaties
to the dispute over Saguntum.
The conclusions which can be drawn from this research are
firstly that Polybius' quoting of the treaty documents was an integral
part of his historiographical method and that he was dealing with
authentic bronze documents which had been preserved at Rome.
Secondly, the chronology and the historical contents of the treaties
are supported by historical and archaeological evidence, however they
had no relevance in the diplomatic debates of 218 B. C. The treaties
only became an issue for discussion after the war when they attracted
|Description: ||PhD Thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||School of Historical Studies|
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