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|Title: ||The historia plantarum generalis of John Ray :Book I - a translation and commentary|
|Authors: ||Lazenby, Elizabeth Mary|
|Issue Date: ||1995 |
|Publisher: ||Newcastle University|
|Abstract: ||After a preface explaining the origins of my interest in John Ray,
and the general principles on which I propose to proceed, the thesis consists,
firstly, of a brief account of Ray's life and work, with particular attention to the
state of botanical studies in his day, and of his main contributions to them.
The main part of the thesis (Volumes 1 and 2) then takes the
form of a commentary on Book I of the Historia Plantarum Generalis and the
three subsequent tables interpolated into Volume I at the suggestion of Dr.
Tancred Robinson; the third volume of the thesis consists of my translation and
of a photocopy of the text.
Since Ray lived before Linnus, to whom we owe our modern
binomial system of nomenclature, and because of the confused state of botanical
nomenclature up to Ray's time, much of the commentary consists of the
identification of the plants mentioned by Ray as examples of various botanical
and horticultural processes. However, I also discuss the accuracy of Ray's
observations and explanations of the various processes in the light of modern
scientific views, and assess their place in the development of botanical science.
Ray's sources and his use of them would make an interesting
thesis in itself. Since, however, to comment upon them all in detail would have
made an already lengthy thesis even lengthier, I have singled out for detailed
analysis the material cited by Ray from his contemporary Malpighi and the first
century A.D. Roman writer, Pliny the Elder. Brief biographies of all Ray's
sources, both ancient and modern, are also given.
Finally, I have included diagrams where I felt this would help to
clarify what Ray says.|
|Description: ||PhD Thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||School of Historical Studies|
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